Python Deck Of Cards Class

First thing is first, let's create a simple card object. A Regular Deck Contains 52 Cards. Check out a simple class definition below. Families can enjoy a game together, kids can play in groups on their own, and a solitary child can while away the hours playing solitaire games or building card houses. PyDealer let's you easily create Deck instances, each containing a full 52 card deck of playing cards. // Default constructor: assigns the 52 cards to deck deckOfCards(); //shuffles the deck once all the cards are assigned void shuffle(); //deals out one card from the deck of 52, refrences class card card dealCard(); private: //variable card with a pointer to deck card deck[SIZE]; // an array of cards of size SIZR //keep track of what card you. This is covered in the Class Variables section of Understanding Instance and Class Members. Bootstrap 4 cards card deck. I could tell immediately they were using an 8-deck shoe (meaning 8 decks of cards were being used to deal) but how many were actually getting played before the cut card is a hugely important number. Finally, we draw the first five cards and display it to the user. I recommend not to "shuffle the cards" but pick them randomly from an array initialized with all "Cards". We can design different comparison functions by simply declaring new classes, one class for each kind of functionality. Below is the syntax highlighted version of Deck. We offer two custom playing card options, so you can choose the playing card that best meets your needs: (1) custom litho with 200-300 minimum quantity, or (2) custom imprinted playing cards with 25 deck minimum. 3-D capable graphics card with a. If you are playing the solitaire version, you win if you can pick up all the cards in the entire deck without getting stuck!. First, fill the array with the values in order. Perfect Shuffle. Cards block. What makes Python special is that it is possible to create custom metaclasses. The top card in each column is face up, and all the other cards beneath it are face down. Same idea as sprite_collect_blocks. Resources are available for professionals, educators, and students. When making your password database more secure or powering a random page feature of your website. This project is from a Mike Dawson book, so the source code is not 100% original. There are also many more third-party libraries and plugins created by the Stripe community. Recommended: Please try your approach on {IDE} first, before moving on to the solution. The first class is the Python object that your users will manipulate. First Class Lounge. Every vibrant technology marketplace needs an unbiased source of information on best practices as well as an active body advocating open standards. This versatility allows developers to use Python to create smaller scripts and applications for the web as well as to do back-end development on a larger scale. Finally, we draw the first five cards and display it to the user. I decided I would attempt my very first TKinter in py 3. Gatherer is the Magic Card Database. So Blackjack is a gambling game that's played in Las Vegas. Complete Python Listings Point class. I'm trying to simulate a deck of cards using a list of a Card class that I've created: import random. Playing Card Shuffler. 52 Team Activities Using a Deck of Cards! Props needed: Deck of Playing Cards This workshop will be based on the new book, Playing With a Full Deck, 52 Team Activities Using a Deck of Cards. In particular, we employ shuffle, which takes any list and returns it in random order, to shuffle our deck of cards. This class should contain an ArrayList (whose capacity can be initialized to 52). C# base classes allowing implementation of any deck of cards from standard playing cards to uno. According to No Starch Press, who have produced the deck, the Python Flash Cards take a tried-and-tested method of learning, and given it a programming makeover. We want to make you into a performer. Test your card class with a program that prints out n randomly generated cards and the associated Blackjack value where n is a number supplied by the user. Essentially it seeks to distil essential Python programming knowledge into this 101-card deck you could use anywhere. The following is an example of a very simple card game that uses the cards module. Downey """ import random class Card(object): """represents a standard. Learn to read Tarot from the heart, not the book, with my online Tarot courses, tutorials and free online Tarot card meanings. The second class is the Field subclass. Each player is dealt half of the cards. Therefore, if we had implemented class Card(object):. 7 and above. Card, Deck and Shoe Classes¶. The standard 52-card deck of French playing cards (54 counting jokers) is the most common deck of playing cards used today. The list of games isn't infinite, but it's practically unbounded. THANK YOU for supporting our work here at House of Playing Cards. The randomness comes from atmospheric noise, which for many purposes is better than the pseudo-random number algorithms typically used in computer programs. For now I'm looking to just get my class working, so don't worry about the program that'll use the class as of yet. Card, Deck, and Player classes written in Python. The spots on these cards all fit into a 3 x 3 grid as shown. Book your Carnival Dream cruise today!. Python Fiddle Python Cloud IDE. >> Okay, welcome to class. poker module should both import the cards. Complete Python Listings Point class. 42 public static void. Heroes: An array of initial heroes present in the deck. In order to have maximum flexibility, this class does not implement a standard deck of playing cards; it only provides the functionality of a deck of cards. The Deck class should have a deal method to deal a single card from the deck After a card is dealt, it is removed from the deck. """ Simple card game by Mr. Create a data structure and the associated methods to define and manipulate a deck of playing cards. A class Card, class Deck and class Player. What is the probability that the card is black and a jack? P(Black and Jack) P(Black) = 26/52 or ½ , P(Jack) is 4/52 or 1/13 so P(Black and Jack) = ½ * 1/13 = 1/26 A standard deck of cards is shuffled and one card is drawn. Finally Got My Deck Of Cards Class / Program Working! Improvements? Suggestions? Visual Studio Languages ,. Build four stacks of cards (one for each suit) in ascending order from Ace to King, through careful concentration and observation. Magic The Gathering, magic cards, singles, decks, card lists, deck ideas, wizard of the coast, all of the cards you need at great prices are available at Cardkingdom. Automated Python 2 to 3 code translation! This web is a online converter that reads Python 2. *Deck plans are subject to change at any time. You can define your own character class using square brackets. In this chapter, we are introducing the class hierarchy for cards, the deck of cards and the shoe, used by the dealer to create hands. Pyscard consists of: smartcard. Hi all! I am working on an assignment that involves sorting a hand of 20 cards from a deck of cards using bubble sort and insertion sort methods. My plan is. In this five-part series, I'll show you how to create 2D single-player games using Python 3 and the excellent Pygame framework. This project is from a Mike Dawson book, so the source code is not 100% original. I've implemented a new class. Most card games are going to have a Card class, a Deck class, and a Hand class for the purposes of the game. The input from the user is taken for how many cards a user wants to display and for loop is used to list the card. It's easy to define a class in Python using the keyword. card module¶. Defining a Class in Python. Deck class So the Deck class can be made much simpler with the new Value class and a set comprehension like: class Deck: def __init__(self): self. The keyword class tells Python that you are about to define a class. Python uses the Mersenne Twister as the core generator. scard, an extension module wrapping the WinSCard API (smart card base components) also known as PC/SC, and; smartcard, a higher level Python framework built on top of the raw PC/SC API. First, fill the array with the values in order. In addition, a deck of cards possesses a variety of features to be examined. Photos, floor plan diagrams, and amenities represent typical arrangements and may vary by ship and stateroom. Solitaire is played with a single deck of 52 cards. John Holland is an internationally renowned psychic medium, spiritual teacher, author, and radio host. Python program to Shuffle deck of cards #import itertools and random module import itertools, random #class Shuffle will shuffle the deck of cards class Shuffle. Frequented by amateurs and pros. The first class is the Python object that your users will manipulate. You see, Lenormand reads differently from Tarot. It was developed with a focus on enabling fast experimentation. Pages of everything you’ll ever need to know about Monty Python and their movies, TV shows, books, live stage shows, apps and latest projects, as well as exclusive videos, news and a Fanwall where all your #montypython content will live. class MyNewClass: '''This is a docstring. Buy today at GameStop!. Brann’s Epic Egg is a 6 Mana Cost Free Hunter Minion card from the Saviors of Uldum set. 1999 Upper Deck History Class Hc13 Bob Lanier Card Detroit Piston Hof Review Who is the 1999 Upper Deck History Class Hc13 Bob Lanier Card Detroit Piston Hof for? How does the 1999 Upper Deck History Class Hc13 Bob Lanier Card Detroit Piston Hof work? Conclusion 1999 Upper Deck History Class Hc13 Bob Lanier Card Detroit Piston Hof. This tutorial discusses the basic design of a Python 3 "credit card class". By convention, this argument is always named self. I was thinking about making a deck of cards for a card game. This chapter helps you become an expert in using Python's object-oriented programming support. Meanwhile, the 13 cards in each suit represent the 13 phases of the lunar cycle. This module also has 5 constant attributes that help validate or string format the Card object: POSSIBLE_SUIT, POSSIBLE_RANK, , JOKER_SUIT, JOKER_RANK, and RANK_TRANSLATION. Downey License: GNU GPLv3 http://www. We want the computer to pick a random number in a given range Pick a random element from a list, pick a random card from a deck, flip a coin etc. To transfer a card from the deck to a hand, you should use the deal_card method of the Deck class and the add_card method of Hand class in combination. Like function definitions begin with the keyword def, in Python, we define a class using the keyword class. Building Cards. __add__()). Because of this, creating and using classes and objects are downright easy. Download PharmDeck : Simple drug flash cards - class, mechanism, uses, side effects and enjoy it on your iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch. In drawing a card from the deck, I want to make sure that I don't duplicate any draws, and end up with the same card twice. When Python calls a method, it binds the first parameter of that call to the appropriate object reference. So bust out your Tarot cards, kick up your heels and get ready to connect with your Tarot deck like never before!. With high quality game art, great user interface, seamless battles, offensive and defensive PVP elements, achievements, dailies and an intense and challenging single player campaign with over 70 levels, Deck Heroes is quickly becoming the #1 Card Strategy game on. class synonyms, class pronunciation, class translation, English dictionary definition of class. Now there’s a more rewarding approach to hands-on learning that helps you achieve your goals faster. I'm trying to write a class of a deck which will create an ArrayList of 52 playing cards and returns them either in order or shuffled. CheckiO is a great promotional tool for your services. Master Python loops to deepen your knowledge. org/licenses. Heroes: An array of initial heroes present in the deck. While displayed, after you attempt a combat check against a monster, you may use the result of that check for any subsequent combat checks against that monster during the. Python program to Shuffle deck of cards #import itertools and random module import itertools, random #class Shuffle will shuffle the deck of cards class Shuffle. Deck and Shoe as Collections of Cards. A simulation of a card game needs to mix up the deck of cards and then “deal” them to the players, without using the same card more than once. I'm guessing you're trying to create a blackjack game, correct? Instead of creating a totally random card, you can create hand and deck classes so that you have a set of 52 cards in play without duplicates. Each card is a separate Card instance, with a name, value, suit, and. If you've ever written code that needs to shuffle a deck of cards, you know that it can be annoying. The Java Program: Card. Python Workshop - 10 October 1999. Tarot cards are such a fabulous tool for self-exploration. P(Face) is equal to 12/52 as there are 3 Face Cards in a Suit of 13 cards. For integers, there is uniform selection from a range. Finally Got My Deck Of Cards Class / Program Working! Improvements? Suggestions? Visual Studio Languages ,. If the specified hero is a hero skin,. Help with c++ card dealing program? Ok I have to write a program that deals out 5 cards to 4 people, but I'm really getting stumped. Below, we calculate the probability of each of the. In this guide, you'll look at Python type checking. org/licenses. The second dictionary represents the cards in any given suit with keys of 0-12. This is the official website of the Dalmatian Club of America. We will get different output each time you run this program as shown in our two outputs. Any suggestions as to how to proceed? Further, I don't know for each card it should be (type of card, number on card, value) or (type of card, value). We are given 10 cards, the first 5 are the current hand, and the second 5 are the next five cards in the deck. ) A typical playing card is 0. Adding Spots. When you visit Woodland Park Zoo, you’ll make your day and a difference. #inside class Deck: def add_card(self, card): self. Recommended: Please try your approach on {IDE} first, before moving on to the solution. Please refer to the National Rail Group Save Calendar for details of exclusions and restrictions. Our tutorials are regularly updated, error-free, and complete. Each Strife Deck is contained with a Strife Specibus and a character with multiple Strife Specibi will store them within a Strife Portfolio. Playing cards involves probability. any class that implements this protocol can be iterated over. Create your free Platform account to download our ready-to-use ActivePython or customize Python with any packages you require. *Deck plans are subject to change at any time. Part 1 of this class will culminate in building a version of the classic arcade game "Pong". Cards can be added to and removed from hands. This card game that uses a standard deck of cards is fun for the whole class, and it will challenge your students to use English in a creative way. Each card is a separate Card instance, with a name, value, suit, and abbreviation. Design the data structures for a generic deck of cards Explain how you would sub-class it to implement particular card games and how you would subclass the data structures to implement blackjack. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. View This Deck • Buy This Deck. In Python 3, there is no such thing as old-style classes. Denver House of Cards located at. Printable cruise deck plans. To make the LED switch on, you would use the following Python code: from gpiozero import LED red = LED (17) red. Also repeat the whole procedure for 10 different times (2 for loops). Hans Petter Langtangen [1, 2] [1] Simula Research Laboratory [2] University of Oslo, Dept. And if I try to do something like print self. CHAPTER 1 deck_of_cards package 1. I have created a deck of cards and then shuffled them however now I am trying to covert my deck (which is simply a list containing the numbers between 1 and 52) into the form "AS", "9C" etc. The methods must include the ability to:. I don’t know how late it really was, but the lights were on, it’s dark outside, and my Grandmother had some serious skills at shuffling the deck. Python Classes/Objects. To pass multiple variables to the function, we simply do this:. There are several different ways to shuffle cards, from a simple overhand shuffle to the more advanced Hindu shuffle or riffle shuffle. >> Okay, welcome to class. Create a data structure and the associated methods to define and manipulate a deck of playing cards. Using a Python recipe? Installing ActivePython is the easiest way to run your project. – A betting round occurs, followed by dealing 3 shared cards from the deck. Switch-case statements are a powerful tool for control in programming. デュエルマスターズ! We also include information on the. CheckiO is also very flexible and open for new ideas. (Note that Haskell requires type names and constructor names to begin with an uppercase letter). User interface is text based, non-curses, using only simple python commands to draw it. This program uses the inherit and override approach. x version:. They are surrounded by double underscores (e. Design the data structures for a generic deck of cards Explain how you would sub-class it to implement particular card games and how you would subclass the data structures to implement blackjack. How and why to implement Python "to string" conversion in your own classes using Python's "repr" and "str" mechanisms and associated coding conventions. Learn Python, a powerful language used by sites like YouTube and Dropbox. Python HUNTER-B cohort Animal Powers Display this card. This is a more advanced way of organizing the code. Recent Posts. Python is Interactive : Python has an interactive console where you get a Python prompt (command line) and interact with the interpreter directly to write and test your programs. Methods in Python are associated with object instances while function are not. In the init method, self refers to the newly created object; in other class methods, it refers to the instance whose method was called. We offer two custom playing card options, so you can choose the playing card that best meets your needs: (1) custom litho with 200-300 minimum quantity, or (2) custom imprinted playing cards with 25 deck minimum. dealCard(self) Returns a single card from the top of the deck, and removes the card from the deck. We list the superclasses from which a subclass inherits features. Deck class So the Deck class can be made much simpler with the new Value class and a set comprehension like: class Deck: def __init__(self): self. The purpose of the singleton pattern is to ensure that only a single instance of the object or class in question can exist at one time. This article is a Article Stub that is short and needs improvement. Card, Deck and Shoe Classes¶. The odds of picking up any other card is therefore 52/52 - 4/52 = 48/52. Its 80% done of a deck of cards. There are lots of settlements that opened in October, providing Top Class Actions viewers with many opportunities to class action rebates. Python String Conversion 101: Why Every Class Needs a "repr" By Dan Bader — Get free updates of new posts here. Certain Portalcraft cards are more powerful when Resonance is active. Each time through the loop, a card is removed from the deck using the list method pop, which removes and returns the last item in the list. We are not restricted to these particular events, however – we can make widgets listen for other events and bind handlers to them, using the bind method which we can find on every widget class. Methods in Python are associated with object instances while function are not. javascript solutions. Whoever has the highest card wins. World of Solitaire is a polished and highly customizable browser-based version of solitaire. The ranks are Ace, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, Jack, Queen, and King. ## SHUFFLING A DECK OF CARDS ## A deck of cards has 13 cards each of 4 suits: heart(♥), spade(♠), diamond(♦), club(♣). In Python 3, this will be the default. Gatherer is the Magic Card Database. Coaching sports, coaching tips, coaching advice, baseball drills, soccer drills, basketball drills, softball drills, football drills, sports training, youth sports. A “poker hand” consists of 5 unordered cards from a standard deck of 52. Break it up into manageable pieces. There is no reason for real "shuffling" in a programm. WEB/HDRip. """This module contains code from Think Python by Allen B. This sample space is simple to understand, but yet can be utilized for a number of different kinds of calculations. Every Princess ship is a destination in itself with wide-ranging amenities, elevated culinary experiences and delightful activities. Finally, we draw the first five cards and display it to the user. The LED is connected to pin 17. We want to exchange any n number of cards (where n <= 5) in our hand for the next n cards in the deck. – As shared cards are dealt, more betting rounds occur, where each player can fold, check, or raise. Choose a class of model¶ In Scikit-Learn, every class of model is represented by a Python class. This chapter helps you become an expert in using Python's object-oriented programming support. If you think about it. 42 public static void. Choose language Java JavaScript Python. This gives two candidates for instance methods in a Hand class: addCard() and. What happens if you want to have another deck (for some reason). info is a full featured card database for the World of Warcraft Trading Card Game (WoWTCG) including starter and champion deck lists. Python HUNTER-B cohort Animal Powers Display this card. First Class Lounge. There are lots of settlements that opened in October, providing Top Class Actions viewers with many opportunities to class action rebates. PyDealer let's you easily create Deck instances, each containing a full 52 card deck of playing cards. I figure I might need to use a dictionary for each face card that has a value of 10, except for the Ace which can can a value of 1 or 11. C Programming Deck of Cards: Dealing Hands Hello! I need to use and edit the following code in order to deal 2 hands of 5 cards, get their respective hand values and add them up to see which hand has the bigger value. py is a Python class library that implements two classes, playing_card and card_deck. We assume that we can see the next five cards (they are not hidden). MicroPython is a lean and efficient implementation of the Python 3 programming language that includes a small subset of the Python standard library and is optimised to run on microcontrollers and in constrained environments. It implements a principle of separation of configuration from the scripts that do the setting up. John’s public demonstrations of mediumship reveal the delicate process of raising his own vibrational energy to link with Spirit, as he acts as a middleman between this world and the next. __add__()). A Regular Deck Contains 52 Cards. For now I'm looking to just get my class working, so don't worry about the program that'll use the class as of yet. This room was dedicated to reading, conversation, playing cards and other social interactions of the day. 6, namedtuple can be used to build classes of objects that are just bundles of attributes with no custom methods, like a database record. I will be implementing as many card related functions as I can, such as shuffling a deck, grabbing a card from the top or bottom and creating a new deck of cards. PyDealer is a simple to use Python package for “simulating” decks of standard playing cards (also known as a French deck). It is now a resource to help you learn tarot for yourself, get clarity in your life with a proactive tarot reading, and generally lose yourself in a vortex of tarot goodness. py but uses a Game class to organize the code. In Python 3, this will be the default. SNAP is a general purpose, high performance system for analysis and manipulation of large networks. JournalDev is one of the most popular websites for Java, Python, Android, and related technical articles. THE LARGEST NIGHTCLUB IN THE USA Club La Vela is the largest nightclub in the USA with a total capacity of almost 6,000 people. There are many different ways to shuffle a deck of cards. This class should contain an ArrayList (whose capacity can be initialized to 52). The randomness comes from atmospheric noise, which for many purposes is better than the pseudo-random number algorithms typically used in computer programs. If you need a quick solution, I would say to look at either of the answers that describe their implementations. deck[0] = (1, 'Spade'). You can add, rename, or delete output fields as well as set properties such as data type and merge rule. So, we have read-only suit and rank. Class Definition. We assume that we can see the next five cards (they are not hidden). You decide!. The Deck of Many is the team behind the popular Deck of Many reference cards and Humblewood Campaign Setting! We strive to make awesome gaming accessories to improve your 5e games. They were all great investment purchases. blackjack module and the cards. Question: PYTHON 3 For This Part, You Will Write A Program That Acts As A Deck Of Cards. You can use the ArcPy FieldMappings class to define this parameter. Python continues to amaze me on a regular basis. Deal_card(self): A method which pops card from deck and returns the card. Mini-project development process As usual, we suggest that you start from the program template for this mini-project. This list named 'suits' stores four related string values representing the suits in a deck of cards. I figure I might need to use a dictionary for each face card that has a value of 10, except for the Ace which can can a value of 1 or 11. They kill their prey by squeezing them until they stop breathing. Exercise: Write a class whose instances represent a single playing card from a deck of cards. The code can be found at: https://github. Undigested material can be found in the python’s poop. PyDealer let’s you easily create Deck instances, each containing a full 52 card deck of playing cards. Gatherer is the Magic Card Database. We want to exchange any n number of cards (where n <= 5) in our hand for the next n cards in the deck. Perfect Shuffle. The LED is connected to pin 17. // It is possible that an element will be swap // with itself, but there is no problem with that. In the code sample below, the first three lines are already in the Python script that you're working on:. """This module contains code from Think Python by Allen B. ) A typical playing card is 0. A full deck sitting on the table will rest at approximately 0. uses the cookie cutter to create a new cookie). Jack has 5 jobs listed on their profile. Group Save Fare This fare contains a Group Save discount and is only valid if all passengers travel together. It helps if you want to “restart” a game once it is over. I figure I might need to use a dictionary for each face card that has a value of 10, except for the Ace which can can a value of 1 or 11. You should really always expect one. Buy today at GameStop!. Cutting the deck. Designed by a Solitaire loving Mom and Daughter, Full Deck Solitaire is a beautiful card game with an easy to use user interface. The resulting hands should be printed to the console with an appropriate message indicating which hand is which. When most of us began programming, we started looking for various project ideas to try. The constructor for this class should fill the ArrayList with 52 Card objects (the deck may start with the cards in any order; use nested loops to simplify the Card-creation. This is a very simple class that keeps track of the player’s name, current hand, and. Please browse our suggestions of card games for kids below. Here is a simple class definition. Certain staterooms may vary in size, decor and configuration. shuffle print (deck) RAW Paste Data. 10 theme rooms feature award-winning signature designs to create a unique vibe and an unforgettable ambiance. And if I try to do something like print self. There is no general way for Data Classes to detect this condition. Solitaire is played with a single deck of 52 cards. Hence a standard deck contains 13·4 = 52 cards. Whoever has the highest card wins. java 4 5 public final class Card { 6 public enum Suit {CLUBS 40 41 // An example using Card and deck of cards. My first thought was to generate an unshuffled deck as an array-like structure -- all cards in order by suit. Looking for a fun summer activity with the kids, whatever the weather? All you need is a pack of playing cards … and these seven simple card games. For any tanks I would probably suggest getting the Fathoms deck over this one as the Stamina buff and heal are currently not worth the investment. WoW World of Warcraft TCG card database and search wowcards. API Development in Python is a very easy task. How and why to implement Python "to string" conversion in your own classes using Python's "repr" and "str" mechanisms and associated coding conventions. Did the author even think posting sources on your cards to help backup the word-heavy abstractions like "action" and "data" when describing methods and functions inside classes. However, we did not follow this rule in the implementation of classes Card, Hand, and Deck. # Blackjack # From 1 to 7 players compete against a dealer import cards, games class BJ_Card(cards. A Class for a Deck of Cards. They are surrounded by double underscores (e. After the first card is drawn, the sample space has reduced by 1, from 52 to 51. Design the data structures for a generic deck of cards Explain how you would sub-class it to implement particular card games and how you would subclass the data structures to implement blackjack. *Deck plans are subject to change at any time. Introduction to Python Classes (Part 1 of 2) A class is simply a description of what things should look like, what variables will be grouped together, and what functions can be called to manipulate those variables. Preview the Non-Crab Cards Found in Defenders of Rokugan. In other words, a cruise on Carnival Magic has no shortage of its namesake charm!. The function draw_cards() is called with the number of cards you want to draw. A class Card, class Deck and class Player. Remember to use the Card initializer to create your cards. x source code and applies a series of fixers to transform it into valid Python 3. The possibilities for embarrassment are virtually limitless! I know I'm embarrassed!. PennDOT alert: Atherton Street Project Update for the end of October Thursday, October 24, 2019. For sequences, there is uniform selection of a random element, a function to generate a random permutation of a list in-place, and a function for random sampling without replacement. 7 and above. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: