Pycryptodome Des

78%) Autobuild failure?; 0ad-0. We will need some kind of salt and hashing function to convert a password to the desired key. 3+ndfsg-4) [multiverse] 3D drawing with MetaPost output -- documentation 4ti2-doc (1. À propos de l'équipe du forum. PyCryptodome is a self-contained Python package of low-level cryptographic primitives. parameters that cannot be directly estimated from the data). Download Anaconda. 访问了他们的主页之后,我们可以看一些例子。在第一个例子中,我们将使用 DES 算法来加密一个字符串:. Whatever you do in _fastmath. 【Python】pyCryptodome模块实现AES加密、解密. The problem is that cipher objects you use for decryption (cipher2, cipher3 in your case) must be presented the pieces of ciphertext in the same order they were produced (by cipher in your case). Instead, you get hashing libraries. Triple DES (or TDES or TDEA or 3DES) is a symmetric block cipher standardized by NIST in SP 800-67 Rev1, though they will deprecate it soon. We'll take a brief look at those in the chapter, but the primary focus will be on the following 3rd party packages: PyCrypto and cryptography. 5, Scapy & Windows 10 Par défaut Because i had some troubles to found how to install Scapy on Windows 10 and make it fully functional, here is a little memo that i have validated with the following versions :. j'ai eu le même problème 'ImportError: No module named Crypto. ), and is a drop-in replacement for PyCrypto. PyPI helps you find and install software developed and shared by the Python community. Introduction In this tutorial we will check how to encrypt and decrypt data with AES-128 in ECB mode, using Python and the pycrypto library. Je pense avoir viré RSA-4096 avec malwarebyte et hitman pro en mode sans échec par contre pour récupérer mes milliers de docs c'est une autre histoire. (CkPython) Blowfish Encryption, ECB, CBC, CFB modes. There are tons of other password manager too, if you don't mind putting your trust in the companies that develop them, as they're generally not open source. Anaconda Cloud. 4 or newer, all Python 3 versions and PyPy. When I'm install package PyCrypto 2. DSS to FIPS 186-4; Make all hash objects non-copiable and immutable after the first digest; Add alias 'segment_bits' to parameter 'segment_size' for CFB. Gallery About. 5-1 to salt-minion-2017. Package: musl: Version: 1. This video will help you out how to use PIP INSTALL Command in python. Cipher', since using GoogleAppEngineLauncher (version > 1. In later ROS distributions, it has been covered to a system dependency installed via rosdep. In this tutorial we will check how to encrypt and decrypt data with AES-128 in ECB mode, using Python and the pycrypto library. Reduced the amount of C code by almost 40% (4700 lines). pycryptodome | pycryptodome | pycryptodome aes | pycryptodome python | pycryptodome download | pycryptodome rsa oaep | pycryptodome rsa | pycryptodomex | pycryp. But I have not seen them in mainstream production (yet). The installation procedure depends on the package you want the library in. The getpass module. DES Algorithm. sourceforge. It comes with its own implementation of various cryptographic algorithms and protocols. PyCryptodome is a fork of PyCrypto. 它相当于是对每个数据块应用三次des加密算法。由于计算机运算能力的增强,原版des密码的密钥长度变得容易被暴力破解;3des即是设计用来提供一种相对简单的方法,即通过增加des的密钥长度来避免类似的攻击,而不是设计一种全新的块密码算法。 (3)aes. PyCryptodome can be used as: 1. academic/ed-v6: Added (old version of ed). Removing the artficial cruft of social networking allows you to focus on things you actually care about, instead of what someone else thinks you should pay attention to. Search ports for: Programme zur Netzwerk-Verwaltung. you can shift to pycryptodome. Ask Question Asked 1 year, Using pyCryptodome, i've tried this code. Ask Question Asked 1 year, Using pyCryptodome, i've tried this code. Introduction. Listado de cambios Python is a dynamic object-oriented programming language that can be used for many kinds of software development. There are a number of groups that maintain particularly important or difficult packages. Triple DES (or TDES or TDEA or 3DES) is a symmetric block cipher standardized by NIST. Cipher module documentation for details. OK, I Understand. Length of the message to (de)cipher. PyCryptodome is a self-contained Python package of low-level cryptographic primitives. # -*- coding: utf-8 -*- # # ===== # The contents of this file are dedicated to the public domain. PyCharm provides methods for installing, uninstalling, and upgrading Python packages for a particular Python interpreter. Contribute to Legrandin/pycryptodome development by creating an account on GitHub. 1), for instance: Authenticated encryption modes (GCM, CCM, EAX, SIV, OCB) Accelerated AES on Intel platforms via AES-NI. DES symmetric cipher. 1), for instance:. Open Source Licenses. KeePassC Actual stable release from May 16, 2018: v1. It's the first thing you'll need in order to get started with Kodi addons. Les exemples suivants démontrent une recherche de facettes SOLR pour obtenir les utilisateurs les plus fréquants soumettant à un server. Editado en noviembre de 2015: pip uninstall pycrypto & pip install pycryptodome. 5, Scapy & Windows 10 Par défaut Because i had some troubles to found how to install Scapy on Windows 10 and make it fully functional, here is a little memo that i have validated with the following versions :. PyCrypto and PyCryptodome can coexist. By continuing to use this site, you are consenting to our use of cookies. pycryptodome" has nothing to do with your problem. This page contains links, software, and information that I have found useful for learning Japanese. 19 Comments to "Python and cryptography with pycrypto" Joe J. org has ranked N/A in N/A and 216,325 on the world. Create your free Platform account to download ActivePython or customize Python with the packages you require and get automatic updates. Art, musique. Bei der Installation des Netflix-Addons ist mir aufgefallen, dass man gar nicht alle drei "Pakete" installieren kann. Python's documentation, tutorials, and guides are constantly evolving. PyCryptodome is a self-contained, public domain Python package of low-level cryptographic primitives. For our first trick, we'll use DES to encrypt a string:. Complete summaries of the Manjaro Linux and Debian projects are available. Dependencies NOTE: FreshPorts displays only information on required and default dependencies. We'll take a brief look at those in the chapter, but the primary focus will be on the following 3rd party packages: PyCrypto and cryptography. It consists of the cascade of 3 :doc:`des` ciphers (EDE: Encryption - Decryption - Encryption), where each stage uses an independent DES sub-key. It supports Python 2. DES is an implementation of a Feistel Cipher. You can vote up the examples you like or vote down the ones you don't like. All gists Back to GitHub. PyCryptodome is a fork of PyCrypto. key , 즉 암호화에 적용되는 키는 관리. 【Python】pyCryptodome模块实现AES加密、解密. It uses 16 round Feistel structure. Originally Posted by WoolF911 Yes. 1 run on a Raspberry Pi 3 B. db import models from django_crypto_fields. 0/ 05-Apr-2013 14:23 - 0ad-0. 这个标准用来替代原先的DES,已经被多方分析且广为全世界所使用. 在Windows 系统上安装则稍有不同: pip install pycryptodomex. 3+, and PyPy. All gists Back to GitHub. Check the pycryptodome project for the equivalent library that works under the Crypto package. MessagePack (de)serializer 2019-11-02: pylint: public: python code static checker 2019-11-02: pycrypto: public: No Summary 2019-11-02: bcrypt: public: Modern password hashing for your software and your servers 2019-11-02: r-ore: public: Provides an alternative to R's built-in functionality for handling regular expressions, based on the Onigmo. pip3 install pycryptodome pip3 install PySimpleGUI pip3 install requests mon discord : Gattai Zamasu#0001 COMMENT JOUER QU'AVEC DES BOTS sur FORTNITE (astuce) - Duration: 13:08. It took me the better part of a year to sort out the licensing ambiguities in PyCrypto 2. Welcome to the home of the voidspace python modules. Package Version Project Licence Branch Repository Architecture Maintainer Build date; libinput-doc: 1. gz 25-Dec-2018 03:23. Deze pagina is ook beschikbaar in de volgende talen: Български (Bəlgarski) Deutsch English suomi français magyar 日本語 (Nihongo) polski Русский (Russkij) slovensky svenska Türkçe українська (ukrajins'ka) 中文 (Zhongwen,简) 中文 (Zhongwen,繁). c, also do in _slowmath. from Crypto. 4 or newer, all Python 3 versions and PyPy. 23b-alpha-unix-build. 编码之路 编程环境 Python3. 还值得注意的是,PyCryptodome 在 PyCrypto 最后版本的基础上有很多改进。非常值得去访问它们的主页,看看有什么新的特性。 加密字符串. 1-cp26-none-win_amd64. whl; pycrypto-2. PyCryptodome PyCryptodome is a self-contained Python package of low-level cryptographic primitives. Whatever you do in _fastmath. It combines an abstraction of the PostScript drawing model with a TeX/LaTeX interface. 起因 前端日子写完的Python入库脚本,通过直接读取配置文件的内容(包含了数据库的ip,数据库的用户名,数据库的密码),因为配置文件中的数据库密码是明文显示的,所以不太安全,由此对其进行加密. py didn't create database and may. There are a number of groups that maintain particularly important or difficult packages. 4 and newer, and PyPy. An example of asymmetric encryption in python using a public/private keypair - utilizes RSA from PyCrypto library - RSA_example. 附上测试代码。 python AES加密解密 pycryptodome的更多相关文章. Gallery About Documentation Support About Anaconda, Inc. DES (Data Encryption Standard) is a symmetric block cipher standardized by NIST. Cipher import AES ImportError: No module named Crypto. cryptography is an actively developed library that provides cryptographic recipes and primitives. We use the EAX mode because it allows the receiver to detect any unauthorized modification (similarly, we could have used other authenticated encryption modes like GCM, CCM or SIV). A chosen-ciphertext attack using the technique of linear cryptanalysis can break DES in pow(2, 43) steps. 002 release contains many changes and refinements to user experience and a complete overhaul of the underlying OS core to improve stability and extend hardware support. However I got this error: "TypeError: Impossible to create a safe nonce for. Sujet du devoir 2018/2019, une bonne source d'entraînement autour des chiffrements de César, mono-alphabétique, Vigenère, stéganographie, etc. py The py_compile module provides a function to generate a byte-code file from a source file, and another function used when the module source file is invoked as a script. mga8: 2048-qt-0. 8-324» para «rbp2-mediacenter-osmc» I just contiued with your guide and then for Netflix, From the list of netflix versions I chose the newest. academic/z3: Added (theorem solver). The minion won't start and doesn't log anything. This service is sponsored by MIT Computer Science & Artificial Intelligence Lab. I realize there are dozens of "apt-get update: failure to fetch" questions (I read through all I could find), but my present circumstance is unique to 12. TDES consists of the concatenation of 3 simple Single DES ciphers (encryption - decryption - encryption), where each stage uses an indipendent sub-key. It has a fixed data block size of 8 bytes. Python 3 doesn’t have very much in its standard library that deals with encryption. Length of the message to (de)cipher. 17 15 파이썬3 문자열 암호화 복호화 DES 예제. PyCryptoDome Version 3. 7, Python 3. gz 25-Dec-2018 03:23. It brings the following enhancements with respect to the last official version of PyCrypto (2. La base de données de vulnérabilité numéro 1 dans le monde entier. txt file will be available after installation. My implementation performes about 10 times worse than the original XOR, but I received other suggestions that managed to perform even worse. python下载Crypto,CyCrypto,PyCryptodome,如有site-packages中存在crypto、pycrypto,在pip之前,需要pip3 uninstall crypto、pip3 uninstall pycrypto,否则无法安装成功。这里顺带说一下pycrypto和Crypto,这两个库已经有很久没有人维护了,最好下载PyCryptodome,用法都是一样的。. A 16 byte Triple DES key is derived from the passphrase using Crypto. 公理 双方使用同一规则加密 密钥(对称加密算法DES)data encryption standard 最大问题 双方一起制定 办法:密钥交换算法,不用直接传递密钥 私钥(非对称加密算法RSA)三位数学家Rivest、Shamir 和 Adleman 互质关系 除了1以外,没有其他公因子 比如,15. 7, Python 3. 它相当于是对每个数据块应用三次des加密算法。由于计算机运算能力的增强,原版des密码的密钥长度变得容易被暴力破解;3des即是设计用来提供一种相对简单的方法,即通过增加des的密钥长度来避免类似的攻击,而不是设计一种全新的块密码算法。 (3)aes. The installation procedure depends on the package you want the library to be in. La versión a fecha de diciembre de 2017 era Firefox ESR 52. If it were a different (not dividable by 16) amount of bytes you'd get "ValueError: AES key must be either 16, 24, or 32 bytes long". PyCryptodome is a fork of PyCrypto. It supports Python 2. 4 and newer, and PyPy. Bug 1370919 (python-pycryptodome) - Review Request: python-pycryptodome - Self-contained Python package of low-level cryptographic primitives [NEEDINFO]. PyCryptodome can be used as: an almost drop-in replacement for the old PyCrypto library. TDES has a fixed data block size of 8 bytes. Uses pycryptodome. 3+, and PyPy. Encryption using pycrypto, AES, and PKCS5 padding. 23b-alpha-unix-data. PyCryptodome is a fork of PyCrypto. 4采用的是pyCyrpto这个模块,但是昨天废了好大劲去安. Modularized and simplified all code (C and Python) related to block ciphers. Es kommt aber etwas hinzu, was im ersten Moment vielleicht etwas verwirrend ist:. Python 3 doesn't have very much in its standard library that deals with encryption. 2-r0: URL: MIT: edge: main: ppc64le: Daniel Sabogal: 2019-11. Purpose: Prompt the user for a value, usually a password, without echoing what they type to the console. I started to play around with ArangoDB and used Python to get some data into my first database. The Nightly builds are now at 18. However, unless you're encrypting data that you want to be safe from major governments, DES will be fine. I have used python 3. The package is structured to make adding new modules easy. py ? I don't see pogom. Download Python Koding AIO 19/6/27, 99 sources - An addon working with free-proxy-list. DSS to FIPS 186-4; Make all hash objects non-copiable and immutable after the first digest; Add alias ‘segment_bits’ to parameter ‘segment_size’ for CFB. However I got this error: "TypeError: Impossible to create a safe nonce for. 比如当我们访问下面这个登陆的接口时,请求参数账号和密码都是需要加密,通过parms参数传过去,服务器才能识别到. Hay una lista de paquetes populares con su estado. File list of package python-pycryptodome in sid of architecture sh4python-pycryptodome in sid of architecture sh4. png: Loading commit data. Hay una lista de paquetes populares con su estado. You are expected to have a solid understanding of cryptography and security engineering to successfully use them. AES是块加密,加密前要pad一下,解密后要unpad一下. For our first trick, we'll use DES to encrypt a string:. 04 and it affects all sources; not just lau. PyCryptodome can be used as:. Instead, you get hashing libraries. Data Encryption Standard (DES), 259 Debugger, 96 PyCryptodome library, 210 PyCrypto library, 210 network analyzer, 211 protection approaches, 252 Index. Download PyCrypto for free. 2RC1 so in order to avoid confusion its time to bump the nightly releases to 18. A chosen-ciphertext attack using the technique of linear cryptanalysis can break DES in pow(2, 43) steps. 7, Python 3. No rating or ranking of people. Update: When OSMC stable is released it will be based on 18. 2, build 20150126. The Laboratory of Cryptography and System Security (CrySyS Lab, spelling: [kri:sis]) -- in Hungarian, CrySyS Adat- és Rendszerbiztonság Laboratórium -- is committed to carry out internationally recognized, high quality research on security and privacy in computer networks and systems, and to teach network and system security, privacy, and cryptography in the context of university courses. pip3 install pycryptodome pip3 install PySimpleGUI pip3 install requests mon discord : Gattai Zamasu#0001 COMMENT JOUER QU'AVEC DES BOTS sur FORTNITE (astuce) - Duration: 13:08. Learn about installing packages. an almost drop-in replacement for the old PyCrypto library. If it were a different (not dividable by 16) amount of bytes you'd get "ValueError: AES key must be either 16, 24, or 32 bytes long". Long story short: if you want to set your own key for the documents, do it on the document, not on the initialization data. Ask Question Asked 1 year, Using pyCryptodome, i've tried this code. Converting md5 hash to a proper 3DES key in python3. 7, Python 3. But I have not seen them in mainstream production (yet). list and point to gmc-19. Pycrypto aún no está allí, pero lxml, PySide y Scrapy, por ejemplo. PyCryptoDome vs PyCrypto vs None. The getpass module. It supports Python 2. Modularized and simplified all code (C and Python) related to block ciphers. It uses 16 round Feistel structure. DES is an implementation of a Feistel Cipher. (CkPython) Blowfish Encryption, ECB, CBC, CFB modes. It supports Python 2. Replace addon. For the simple example above I've ignored the IV (just using a buffer of zeros), but for a more serious application this is a grave mistake. GMP headers and static libraries are not required anymore at the time PyCryptodome is built. The first parameter is always the cryptographic key; its length depends on the particular cipher. KeePassC is a curses-based password manager compatible to KeePass v. sources (e. 23b-alpha-unix-build. whl; pycrypto-2. DLL) if found in the system at runtime. Key为7个字节共56位,是DES算法的工作密钥; Data为8个字节64位,是要被加密或被解密的数据; Mode为DES的工作方式,有两种:加密或解密. pycryptodome是一个独立的包含低级密码原语的python包。. x and KeePassX. 002 release contains many changes and refinements to user experience and a complete overhaul of the underlying OS core to improve stability and extend hardware support. PyCryptodome can be used as: an almost drop-in replacement for the old PyCrypto library. La base de données de vulnérabilité numéro 1 dans le monde entier. 0/ 05-Apr-2013 14:23 - 0ad-0. 7, Python 3. PyCryptodome can be used as:. I am trying to learn more about GCM mode and how it differs between CBC. Module DES3. The Voidspace Python Modules. 8 This requires that you update your sources. Quelqu'un peut-il me explicer comment je peux installer ce module manquant sur mon QNAP? merci beaucoup d'avance pour toutes les réponses, salut, Klaas QNAP 259 PRO+, Firmware: 4. Its keys are 128 (Option 1) or 192 bits (Option 2) long. Pycrypto is somewhat similar to JCE (Java Cryptography Extension) for Java. It has been estimated that it would only cost $1,000,000 to build a custom DES-cracking machine that could find a key in 3 hours. load_pkcs7_data(). It is based on MD5 for key derivation, and Triple DES for encryption. The big problem with symmetric encryption is how to share the keys between each pair. a2ps: AAlib: AbiWord. TDES consists of the concatenation of 3 simple Single DES ciphers (encryption - decryption - encryption), where each stage uses an indipendent sub-key. Install, uninstall, and upgrade packages. The private key is encrypted using CBC. 0 is mostly a bug fix release. cryptography is an actively developed library that provides cryptographic recipes and primitives. También con el blog cargado y la salida de htop. DES is an implementation of a Feistel Cipher. However, a very few breaks in compatibility had to be introduced for those parts of the API that represented a security hazard or that were too hard to maintain. 7/dist-packages/Cryptodome/Cipher/AES. No algorithmic timelines. 6此库安装方式,需要pip3 install pycryptodome。 如有site-packages中存在crypto、pycrypto,在pip之前,需要pip3 uninstall crypto、pip3 uninstall pycrypto,否则无法安装成功。 c:\windows\system32>pip3 install pycryptodome collecting pycryptodome. 还值得注意的是,PyCryptodome 在 PyCrypto 最后版本的基础上有很多改进。非常值得去访问它们的主页,看看有什么新的特性。 加密字符串. KeePassC is a curses-based password manager compatible to KeePass v. Triple DES (or TDES or TDEA or 3DES) is a symmetric block cipher standardized by NIST. My implementation performes about 10 times worse than the original XOR, but I received other suggestions that managed to perform even worse. We use cookies for various purposes including analytics. The installation procedure depends on the package you want the library to be in. Rijndael is free for any use public or private, commercial or non-commercial. Welcome to pyca/cryptography ¶ cryptography includes both high level recipes and low level interfaces to common cryptographic algorithms such as symmetric ciphers, message digests, and key derivation functions. J’ai installé Python no 2. you can shift to pycryptodome. It supports Python 2. In Google App Engine SDK with python 2. 자만 가지고 있어야 하고 data 를 그대로 암호화 하기 보다는 data + salt 해서 암호화/복호. Bonjour pour mon projet Isn j'ai choisis le sujet qui traitait de la création d'un gestionnaire de mot de passe. (French) will not let you down and do what this program was made to do. Kodi is available for multiple operating-systems and hardware platforms, featuring a 10-foot user interface for use with televisions and remote controls. Nos spécialistes documenter les dernières questions de sécurité depuis 1970. Note that symmetric encryption is not sufficient for most applications because it only provides secrecy but not authenticity. Sat, 23 Mar 2019 03:00:15 GMT academic/copasi: Updated for version 4. LibreELEC 9. The following code generates a new AES128 key and encrypts a piece of data into a file. It has a fixed data block size of 8 bytes. Python's documentation, tutorials, and guides are constantly evolving. com by libdev + jojo + asciidisco (TV/Movies Streaming). 6) It is a project still maintained (june 2017) and includes the functions of pycrypto for python 3. It supports Python 2. Future releases will include: Update Crypto. This is a collection of both secure hash functions (such as SHA256 and RIPEMD160), and various encryption algorithms (AES, DES, RSA, ElGamal, etc. 最近发现一个视频网站,准备去爬取得时候,前面很顺利 利用fiddler抓包获取网站的post数据loads为python字典数据,分析数据就能发现每个视频的连接地址就在其中. It supports Python 2. 第三方库-pyCryptodome 第三方库的介绍及下载 1. 19 Comments to "Python and cryptography with pycrypto" Joe J. All features are included and described in notes. PyCryptodome is a fork of PyCrypto. 3+, and PyPy. Download python-pycryptodome-3. Listado de cambios Python is a dynamic object-oriented programming language that can be used for many kinds of software development. 4 or later is required. We will learn how to encrypt and. Whatever you do in _fastmath. DES Algorithm. 1-cp26-none-win32. 2RC1 so in order to avoid confusion its time to bump the nightly releases to 18. cryptography¶. We will need some kind of salt and hashing function to convert a password to the desired key. The first parameter is always the cryptographic key; its length depends on the particular cipher. Kodi is available for multiple operating-systems and hardware platforms, featuring a 10-foot user interface for use with televisions and remote controls. 0/ 05-Apr-2013 14:23 - 0ad-0. "InputStream Adaptive" und "Requests" lassen sich installieren, "script. Triple DES (or TDES or TDEA or 3DES) is a symmetric block cipher standardized by NIST in SP 800-67 Rev1, though they will deprecate it soon. Ask Question Asked 1 year, Using pyCryptodome, i've tried this code. Cipher package contains algorithms for protecting the confidentiality of data. 7, Python 3. 1-cp26-none-win32. the DES and DES3 modules were replaced with new ones:. J'ai déjà effectuer toute l'interface graphique avec Tkinter et crée la base du. DES Algorithm. pycryptodome是一个独立的包含低级密码原语的python包。. Python AES加密模块用法分析,本文实例讲述了Python AES加密模块用法。分享给大家供大家参考,具体如下:AES是新的一种加密模块。在上次介绍过在C语言中如何来OpenSSL中的DES。这次我们来看看Python自带的库如何来使用AES来加解密。. 第三方库-pyCryptodome 第三方库的介绍及下载 1. 9+ds-1) mathematical tool suite for problems on linear spaces -- user guide abigail-doc (1. However, a very few breaks in compatibility had to be introduced for those parts of the API that represented a security hazard or that were too hard to maintain. LibreELEC 9. The Netflix Kodi Addon allows the users to stream all their favorite Netflix movies and TV shows on the world's most popular TV box. 5 (Lion des montagnes). 19 Comments to "Python and cryptography with pycrypto" Joe J. 4 and newer, and PyPy. Care should be taken when implementing AES in software. PyCryptodome is a fork of PyCrypto. 6 is the suggested version. It supports Python 2. 之前的项目中接触过一些加密的方法,也没有太仔细的进行记录和研究。最近在写sdk时,加密模块的占比相当之大;借此时机,对我们常用的加密方式做一个笔记。. key = b'-8B key-' iv = b'%sb sas-'. Check the pycryptodome project for the equivalent library that works under the Crypto package. The private key is encrypted using CBC. py ? I don't see pogom. 7, Python 3. PyCrypto and PyCryptodome can coexist. Length of the message to (de)cipher. sources (e. pycrypto(Python Cryptography Toolkit)是安全哈希函数(如sha256和ripemd160)和各种加密算法(aes、des、rsa、elgamal等)的集合。它是一个第三方库,但是已经停止更新三年了,所以不建议安装这个库。下载地址. If you're adding new files, include the standard PyCrypto public domain dedication at the top. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: