Node Js Rest Api Framework

In the beginning was written that we would use express. js API in Under 30 Minutes Node. js and Jasmine that makes testing API endpoints easy, fast, and fun. SharePoint Framework development tools and libraries. 7 Minimal Node. In this tutorial, we'll use an open source project called sample-hapi-rest-api. js web app framework and being one of the most widely used frameworks, Express. js application leveraging node-oracle-database driver – to explain the basics for creating a Node. js Web Frameworks. Plus, LoopBack's ability to auto-generate the entire API layer makes it a winner. Web will be used for the client-side while api for our Restful services. Getting started with Node. js documentation: REST API for CRUD in Express 3+ Node server without framework; Node. js applications. Back when I was really getting into the swing of Node. It allows you to create your models based on your schema or dynamic models in the absence of a schema. Who this course is for:. Create Multi room chats, virtual class rooms, real time scalable dashboards, multiplayer games and websites with static, dynamic views using Xenops. It combines elements of OOP (Object Oriented Programming), FP (Functional Programming), and FRP (Functional Reactive Programming). As the name implies Model View Controller approach is based on three components: model (which is business logic and data of the app), view (format and layout of data - app UI) and controller (which sends requests and updates between the two). LoopBack simplifies and speeds up REST API development. There are also other Node-based frameworks available, such as Hapi. js, as it creates an HTTP server for Node. The frameworks that emulate MVC pattern for Node. Features : Design, implement, and route Node. Integrated Authorization and Authentication Architecture — the most comprehensive authorization and authentication API available in a Node framework. json file as database. In MVC, these. Team API The Opsgenie SDK for Node. js and allows you to develop test cases for your program and execute them in serial with proper reporting. js Master Express. ES6 syntax: I decided to use the latest version of Node (6. REST API frameworks. Some of the popular frameworks are built on Express. Similarly, you need to provide the user credential when using the curl command. You can extend KOA easily, here is examples: hal_specification. js training course gives you an overview of a RESTful API and the logical steps of building one. This course will teach you step-by-step exactly how to build a REST API. js web app that provides access to Maximo asset data, complete these steps: Set up and start a Maximo Docker container. 1 - Better Col Real Time Baby Monitoring from Raspberry PI using. In this tutorial, we’ll be building a RESTful CRUD (Create, Retrieve, Update, Delete) API with Node. json, Event Emitters, Autoreload on changes, Environment, http and async. Well, Yes! it does, you no need to write the code to connect to the database and you no need to write down your own REST API. The rich framework was designed by Eran Hammer, who grew in popularity as the Sr. As we all know, there's nothing like having to figure out how someone made a piece of code function, much less an entire framework! I've been working with Ruby on Rails for a while, so making a transition into Node. We’re already including GraphQL support for your next React project. Simple REST based CRUD API - Node. Today I will discuss unit testing for REST APIs using Jasmine. Asynchronous API to delete all Products in a ProductSet or all Products that are in no ProductSet. js frameworks crowd, but Loopback distinguishes itself from other frameworks like ExpressJS by providing very simple and. js, our web application framework built for Node. The first thing we need to do is install Node. Feathers is a web-framework for creating real-time applications and REST APIs using JavaScript or TypeScript with Node. js on Oracle Database. js, I had written about creating a simple RESTful API that made use of the Express framework. Can someone guide me what webconfig file should contain. It depends, which features do you want to use. js tutorial (part 1, part 2, part 3), a number of people asked me to try Angular. It is recommended to not delete the specified ProductSet until after this operation has completed. js Tutorial, I will be talking about Express. js: Chocolate is a simple webapp framework built on Node. To create a restful API using nodejs and hapi framework, you need to install nodejs on your computer. js applications. Setting up our own server is a bit out of the scope of this article. We’re going to use Express as the HTTP framework, and the Swagger documentation will be written as inline comments within the code, as close as possible to the handling endpoint or models that will implement the contract, so it will be harder for them. You'll find tons of articles and videos on how to have your own server up and running in minutes. Testing REST API with by mocha (nodejs), jaggery Previous post was written for to test external js file. It uses Rhino, the current JavaScript implementation for the JVM. StrongLoop/LoopBack. Let's create a RESTful API with Node. But, let's get on the hype train and check out how to build cool stuff with Node. Pro REST API Development with Node. It is recommended to not delete the specified ProductSet until after this operation has completed. Mark is also the author of the REST Framework Docs package which offers clean, simple autogenerated documentation for your API but is deprecated and has moved to Django REST Swagger. js REST API server. js API and can run node. Open server. because frameworks change and new ones evolve overnight For this answ. js Frameworks , which later turned into one of my most visited, shared and admired posts on this blog. JS, React Native and the browser. Serverless also supports multiple programming languages, giving developers the freedom to script their apps in a variety of popular scripting languages. While it may be tempting to write a new API in an up-and-coming language such as Node or Go, it often makes sense to stick with a platform that your team is already familiar with. The HTML content requires data that is delivered via REST API. js seems to have it all. js that creates web applications and services. NestJS is a framework for building efficient, scalable Node. Restify is a well-known REST API framework of Node. You can transfer me ten million dollars right away to bump your framework on top of the list, other than that - these are all genuine choices of myself and I do not represent any of the companies and communities listed below. First, by starting off with the basic building blocks of the modern JavaScript language, which are necessary for students to have a good grasp of Node. May 2 minimalist web framework) Node Inspector is a debugger interface for Node. The framework Express works on top of node. js scripts inside Java. Build your own REST API using Node. js framework. Published Jan 12, 2017Last updated Aug 18, 2017. First we would need to install Nodejs on our system, if you haven’t done that yet. js framework created and actively maintained by Eran Hammer. js for building practical, production-ready apps. APIs are a crucial business driver for delivering data to your applications. REST API frameworks. These are some of the built-in. There is one Web-Application Framework, which has been strongly enforced with Node. js: Manage and Understand the Full Capabilities of Successful REST Development Manage and understand the full capabilities of successful REST development. I'm going to discuss how to write modular, extensible, testable, and scalable routing for your app/API. POSTMAN for making fast HTTP requests to the API. Now, if you want to get into more details of Node. Restify is a Nodejs REST API framework that utilizes connect style middleware. js, Express, Mongoose and MongoDB. js by Diogo Resende What you will learn. We'll go through the process of developing a Web API making use of node. RestFul api in node js using express 4. Initialize node. In this article , we will be developing a REST API in ES6 using fort. Developers are satisfied with its potential solution for REST APIs for years. To understand how to integrate BrowserStack with your Nightwatch. JS, React Native and the browser. Strapi is a pretty interesting challenger. js Tutorial, I will be talking about Express. When you get an entity, to avoid confusion between the methods from restful. js Framework For Your Web Development Hands-on REST API servers with NPM libraries (superagent, Mongoose, Mongoskin. js, Express and MySQL? A RESTful (Representational State Transfer) API is an application program interface (API) that uses HTTP requests to GET, POST, PUT and DELETE data. js, and Multer. Restify is a Nodejs REST API framework that utilizes connect style middleware. js, PHP, Python, Rails, Obj-C,. Express is a minimal and flexible Node. Unleash the power of Atlassian Connect, the framework for integrating your add-on with our products. Express is a fast, unopinionated, minimal and versatile Node. js Tutorial. The swagger module provides tools for designing and building Swagger-compliant APIs entirely in Node. This means you can use your existing code + the vast Express. Confused on choosing FeathersJS vs LoopBack I've already built my application using Apollo GraphQL (with subscriptions) and Sequelize. js, the Express framework, and MongoDB, focusing on the fundamental REST routes and basic database interaction. js framework, IBM API Connect provides the newest tools to use with LoopBack projects. It resembles the MVC architecture from such frameworks as Ruby on Rails, but with improved support for the more data-oriented modern style of developing web apps. js & MongoDB. js Course at 90% off: https://acad. Modern web and mobile apps often need to access backend servers using RESTful APIs. REpresentational State Transfer in short REST is web standard based architecture that mainly uses HTTP Protocol. js tools to build cloud-native apps, deploy at scale, and analyze data. js & MongoDB RESTful Service with Test-Driven Development eBook: Parri Pandian: Amazon. One of the most common headers is call Authorization. js, you can check out my article on Node. Creating a Simple Restful API With NodeJs AND ES6. js Certification Training by Edureka, a trusted online learning company with a network of more than 250,000 satisfied learners spread across the globe. Also, don’t miss nJWT, the cleanest JSON Web Token (JWT) library developed by Stormpath for Node. js backend framework to generate REST API very quickly, handle complex ORM with distributed data and services, as well as provide an mBaaS plus real time capabilities, I would take the plunge. js framework and connect MongoDB with the node. js API and can run node. First we would need to install Nodejs on our system, if you haven’t done that yet. Let’s look at how to do that. js is a REST API framework that helps build and develop practical and reliable server-side applications with the help of modern JavaScript. This application uses: Python v3. During this time I've had the pleasure of learning Node. There’s a lot more, but when it comes down to it what we’re going to do is save you a lot of time. The RESTFul API is defined as follows:. After I blogged a three-part Backbone. js is a flexible, versatile and progressive Node. We’ll create a folder named “api-project“. In this tutorial i am going to cover how to test your REST api's written in ExpresJS using famous unit testing tool called Mocha and supertest. REST is stateless and commonly takes advantage of HTTP. Create an empty API app from Azure portal. js driver, open a terminal window, cd to your nodecellar folder, and execute the following command: `npm install mongodb. If not, then install it from www. It is compatible with a good number of REST services and a wide variety of databases including MySQL, Oracle, MongoDB, Postgres and so on. It revolves around resource where every compon. RESTful APIs Using Node. js starter project that adds support for ES6/ES7 async/await methods, import/export, and unit tests to your Serverless Framework project. js Framework For Your Web Development Hands-on REST API servers with NPM libraries (superagent, Mongoose, Mongoskin. Download NodeJs 👉 Here. js REST API is not a big task if you know how to deal with the JSON Web Token(JWT). Pro REST API Development with Node. js framework for building API services. What is RESTful API? RESTful API is an implementation of API (Application Programming Interface). Thousands of API developers process billions of API calls through Moesif for debugging, monitoring and discovering insights. js by reading this article. We are going to build a serverless RESTful API for getting contact information using Amazon Web Services (AWS)! As a note, this article mainly focuses on getting everything working locally, so you can develop and test the API without having a dependency on internet and AWS. js documentation: REST API for CRUD in Express 3+ Node server without framework; Node. js has many web frameworks (Express, Hapi, Koa). JS untuk mengembangkan API. Getting started with Node. Okay, back to the business of the day, creating a Node API. js which will perform CRUD operations. LoopBack provides the REST API's based on the model definition and provides the API explorer to test and validate the model and there is a data browser to see the results very easily. js, and Multer. To learn something new, we will use TypeScript and make a pokemon API to read data from json file. Review the code to learn more about the Maximo REST APIs and Maximo Node. But its flexible structure and lack of strict guidelines makes it seem more complicated than it is. If you have ever consumed an API in the past that doesn’t follow good design, then you end up writing bad code to consume a bad API. js if we already have other frameworks?. Pro REST API Development with Node. restify optimizes for introspection and perfromance, and is used in some of the largest Node. If you are new to. js REST API to add a BTC ticker to Slack; slack-chat - A support chat feature for your website that integrates with Slack; slack-cli - A command line interface for Slack using node; slack-clicky - Chrome Extension that lets you share links to Slack in a single click; slack-contentful - Track Contentful entries being. some questions are really very misleading (node js quickly gaining attention from JAVA programmers ! , node js single threaded! ). Update Now! Node. js, Express. js REST API with TDD tutorial. Download NodeJs 👉 Here. js are probably your best bets out of the 5 options considered. If you want to interact with a service, you generally use an API. Xenops - a MVC framework for Node. js development in Visual Studio. because frameworks change and new ones evolve overnight For this answ. js and Express Application with AngularJS Addition for Better Interactivity (NEA2). Pro REST API Development with Node. Excel Sheet- Identify the keywords and store them in an Excel sheet; Function Library- Function library consist of the function for the business flows ( login button for any website). Some of the popular frameworks are built on Express. Online Courses Udemy - Node. REST API Design. FRAPI powers web apps, mobiles services and legacy systems, enabling a focus on business logic and not the presentation layer. In this tutorial, we’ve learned how to design an API using the Test Driven Development approach with Node. But, if you are using other programming languages like PHP, Ruby, Python with scientific libraries, etc, this post could be helpful for your development. REST API frameworks. js without express. LoopBack: Highly-extensible, open-source Node. Find out which one is the best for building RESTful API using Node. js & MySQL and its live demo. JS in the first place. If you are unfamiliar with those then you may want to check out one of my other tutorials the Beginner’s Guide to Node. js framework that empowers you to make a dynamic start to finish REST APIs with practically no coding. js REST API Framework with extensible Admin Panel. One of the most useful reasons for providing your Raspberry Pi with a REST API is to expose its inputs and outputs to a web client (on any iPhone, laptop or desktop PC anywhere in the world) for remote monitoring and/or control. I assume you are already aware of REST concepts hence on this post to create REST API on Node. So when test is executed, it will read the keyword from the Excel sheet and call the functions accordingly. js App with SQL Server ☞ Moving from NodeJS to Go. js express middleware that implements API versioning for. Review the code to learn more about the Maximo REST APIs and Maximo Node. This framework is a RESTful API framework built on top of light-4j, which is on its own a fast, lightweight and cloud-native micro-service framework. js is mature. In this article , we will be developing a REST API in ES6 using fort. jsonapi-store-memoryhandler An in-memory data store for rapid prototyping. Learn back-end programming with JavaScript frameworks. You will get a 403. js, being one of the most popular web frameworks for Node. RESTful Web API Design with Node. Today, we're going to implement serverless RESTful API services by using "Serverless Framework". js Certification Training by Edureka, a trusted online learning company with a network of more than 250,000 satisfied learners spread across the globe. This is a project of Node. There's a whole universe of things one can create using Node. It runs on Node. Restify is very popular nodejs restful framework to create rest api. May 2 minimalist web framework) Node Inspector is a debugger interface for Node. js apps in the cloud lowers costs, reduces development time, and improves scalability. In Azure Portal, you can navigate to the API app blade, then navigate to the host of it from the essential UI to its hosting web app. js Features Of Entity Framework Core 2. js is a JavaScript cross platform framework that allows to write server-side code using JavaScript. js: A REST Web-API with Express. js REST API with TDD tutorial. Objective-C; ObjCHiredis Static Library for iOS4 device and Simulator, plus Objective-C Framework for MacOS 10. js, and MongoDB. In this course, learn about various options for securing your RESTful API that can help you keep your application data—and your users—safe. Learn More. REST API is developed with Node. Halfway between a Node. We are going to build a serverless RESTful API for getting contact information using Amazon Web Services (AWS)! As a note, this article mainly focuses on getting everything working locally, so you can develop and test the API without having a dependency on internet and AWS. In this tutorial, we'll use an open source project called sample-hapi-rest-api. I am banging my head from past few days to learn nodejs by myself. Support for SQL, Elasticsearch and Neo4js backends is provided by community. The REST API is always independent of the type of platform or languages; Visible, reliable, and scalable; Why opt Node JS for building RESTful APIS? Node. Table of ContentsWhat is a Framework?MVC FrameworksExpressSailsFull-Stack FrameworksMeteorREST API FrameworksLoopbackSummary: Best Node. I'm first time creating REST API in node js. Overview of REST API Service | AWS Lambda and the Serverless Framework NodeJS - The Complete Guide (incl. APIs are a crucial business driver for delivering data to your applications. This is the 6 th blog post in the (ahem) series of 5 on the DB2 for z/OS native REST interface. Restify is very popular nodejs restful framework to create rest api. dinache; Dinoloop. js web app framework and being one of the most widely used frameworks, Express. Build a bot. js API and can run node. Each project is different and requires unique approach with due regard to technical requirements and clients’ expectations. It runs on Node. When compared to other javascript testing frameworks like Jasmine, we found that Mocha’s handling of asynchronous testing was a key factor in our decision to use it. What is Postman? Postman is a collaboration platform for API development. Check out the repo to get the code. All the source code for this tutorial is combined with the node starter kit project and can be found on github in the branch rest-api-unit-test. js Rest API application and balance the load between them with PM2. js, so we are going to use hapi. js application. See the sample application running. A microservice (API) allows you to securely offer your data and services through a uniform, established and widely recognised protocol (HTTP REST API). Test the web app to try to query assets, read asset details, and create an asset. It can help you build fast, scalable and reusable Node. Your go-to Node. js free JSON REST API server. js framework for quickly creating dynamic end-to-end REST APIs. Oracle Application Container Cloud Service offers a lightweight infrastructure that can help developers build and deploy containerized apps written in Node. I have gone through below links. The previous entries are:. Read RESTful Web API Design with Node. However, this doesn't mean it is the best. In simple terms, REST stands for Representational State Transfer. If, however, you need to add more functionality to your services, you’ll eventually need to make use of an API. Pro Express. js, Express. You can transfer me ten million dollars right away to bump your framework on top of the list, other than that – these are all genuine choices of myself and I do not represent any of the companies and communities listed below. We’ll use Mongoose for interacting with the MongoDB instance. If you still feel uncomfortable with Express, there are many other node. REST ( Representational State Transfer) consists set of guidelines to build a web service, which can be used to modify or view specific information on the web without performing any server side operations. After installing fire up your code editor let’s start creating our api. js on Google Cloud Platform Try It Free View Documentation Node. js is a multi-transport Node. js, you might want to check out my tutorial titled, Building a REST API with MongoDB, Mongoose, and Node. The reason for this is to show how NodeJS can be used without frameworks and libraries as well 😄. Net Web API is a new framework and part of the core ASP. There are so many of them, with their own strengths and weaknesses. Koa 2 has emerged as one of the primary candidate frameworks for developing REST API backends on Node. REST_FRAMEWORK = { 'DEFAULT_PERMISSION_CLASSES': ( 'rest_framework. Sometimes it is used as a single entry point to your system. js express middleware that implements API versioning for. Fear not! This tutorial will show you how to build your first REST API using Node. js framework agnostic library for serializing your data to JSON:API. If you want to interact with a service, you generally use an API. This example is similar to GET example except the use of body-parser that parses the post data and add it to req. The focus of this post will be on building a backend REST API using the Python based Flask web framework. js API is useful in scenarios in which you need to customize the build or development process since all the reporting and error handling must be done manually and webpack only does the compiling part. 0 IS HERE FEATURING THE FASTEST AND MOST RELIABLE REAL-TIME ENGINE ~/Projects/tweets/index. MVC, REST APIs, GraphQL). Xenops - a MVC framework for Node. Published Jan 12, 2017Last updated Aug 18, 2017. Most of the tutorials out there teach you to build a TODO app using Node. It extends the Node. Create RESTful APIs using Node. It also provides a validator in the request so we can integrate well with the Ottoman model, which we are going to use so we can abstract our code and work with objects. If you haven’t checked out Serverless Framework, I encourage you to take a look! To reference the documentation, The Serverless Framework consists of an open source CLI that mak. js) with angular. FortJS enables you to write server-side code which is modular, secure, and pretty much beautiful & readable. JS API Server with integrated cluster capabilities and delayed tasks. because frameworks change and new ones evolve overnight For this answ. jsonapi-serializer is a Node. Based on Koa, it provides a nice files structure and syntax. In this article , we will be developing a REST API in ES6 using fort. Choosing a NodeJS Framework. It is designed to resemble the MVC architecture from frameworks like Ruby on Rails, but with support for the more modern, data-oriented style of web app development. js Express Rest Api Tutorial Summary. It's more stable than its competitors and a huge community backing it. js? An Open source, Cross-platform, and runtime environment for executing JavaScript code outside the browser. In this tutorial, you'll learn how to make REST API calls in express web app. js framework, IBM API Connect provides a graphical tool with many of the API composition features of StrongLoop Arc, a built-in API Micro Gateway, and a CLI with API management and gateway features. 0 Django v1. js is a minimalistic and flexible NodeJS framework that provides a robust set of features to develop web and mobile applications. REST API Development with Node. Creating a RESTful API: Django REST Framework vs. May 2 minimalist web framework) Node Inspector is a debugger interface for Node. Another option is to use NGINX Plus. js framework that enables you to create dynamic end-to-end REST APIs with little or no coding. js is a REST API testing framework built on node. Who this course is for:. Being based on Express, Restify essentially enhances its default capabilities. js frameworks for building RESTful APIs. The full REST API for the nodecellar application consists of the following methods:. We will pass customer id as a parameter which we want to delete from MySQL table. I quickly implemented a REST style GET call on search submit with Node. Check out the repo to get the code. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: